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Fire-adapted plants thrive after wildfire

...early colonization by mosses and liverworts, then wildlflowers and grasses, then deciduous shrubs and trees, and finally by conifers. Large fires in both 1947 (still the largest recorded wildfire on the peninsula at over 310,000 acres) and in 1969 left...
Fire footprint - ghosts of fires past

...of white spruce (68,300 acres), black spruce (54,200 acres), mixed hardwood-softwood (46,800 acres), mixed conifer (1,200 acres), hardwood (4,500 acres), and mountain hemlock (500 acres). Lakes, wetlands, shrub and alpine tundra...
Les Palmer: All about the black spruce

...squirrels and other wildlife with food and shelter. I often choose a black spruce for a Christmas tree. Skinnier than other conifers, it takes up less space, and its scruffy looks give it character that's lacking in other evergreens. Smaller specimens...
Refuge Notebook: Winter Solstice is for the birds

...shorter while ours are getting longer.Consider the Olive-sided Flycatcher, a common breeder in mature mixed deciduous-conifer forests, such as found along the Swanson River Road in the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge. Even as we sip our coffee at Kaladi's...
What porcupines do in winter (besides eat and sleep) antibiotic. Porcupines are found throughout most of Alaska including the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge. They live in conifers or mixed forested areas but can also be found in deciduous forests, scrubby tundra areas, and rocky slopes. Porcupines are...
Climate change on the Kenai Peninsula: Cooked moose?

...that sprout after fire. Fires in black and white spruce that are hot enough to burn down to mineral soil will ?convert? conifer stands to hardwood. Good moose habitat is provided for 15 to 25 years after these mineral soil-exposing fires. This is one...
Get a glimpse into the Pleistocene period

...Chrysomyxa ledicola, a parasite of both spruce trees and a rhododendron -- a flowering woody shrub common to lower vegetation in conifer forests the world over -- called Labrador Tea. KRC Biology Professor David Wartinbee also noticed orange goo on a lake surface...
King, halibut fishing heating up

...Phil Dean of Roseville, Minn. with his 247.2-pound fish. In Seward, the derby leader there is still Aaron Buscher of Conifer, Colo. with his 337-pounder. Anglers can also try for halibut out of Deep Creek and Anchor Point where Fish and Game reports...
Anglers awaiting next push of sockeyes to Russian Over in Seward, halibut fishing has been getting heavier with a current 337-pound leader caught by Aaron Buscher of Conifer, Colo. Remember to keep those fishing photographs and stories coming. E-mail them to
Refuge Notebook: Earthworms seen as invasives on the Kenai

...sub-freezing soil temperatures down to about 7 F by allowing most of its body fluids to freeze. It also thrives in acidic, conifer-dominated forests where most other earthworm species cannot survive. In aspen forests recently invaded by octagonal-tailed...


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